Geology is defined as the comprehensive study of Earth. Geologists, therefore, study not only the physical aspects of Earth including its composition and structure, but also the origins of our planet and its history.
Geological researchers are often employed by federal and provincial governments, universities with grant funds, or private companies doing research for various other reasons associated with the advancement of their corporations.
Geologists examine minerals, rocks, petroleum, groundwater, and other naturally occurring resources and document their findings in an attempt to gain a comprehensive understanding of how our planet functions, the reasons why it has formed to its present state, and how it came to be in the universe. Geologists typically struggle with difficult questions like How was Earth formed? It is static or ever-changing?
In addition to their research, geologists may work with social scientists to establish efficient alternatives for satisfying our global population's increasing demands for energy and other natural resources. The knowledge geologists have about the Earth assists them in providing the scientific community with basic information to develop the most effective ways to manage resources, protect our environment, and ensure the safety of people worldwide.
Knowledge and experience also contribute to geologists' ability to mitigate natural disasters such as floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and even earthquakes.
Geology is a broad discipline with many varying subfields, but regardless of a geologist's particular specialization, they play key roles in helping the world's population understanding the Earth's processes, which have a great effect on our daily lives.