Anthropology is the study of man - what he is like, how he lives and behaves and everything else about him. The word, anthropology, originates from the Greek word. anthropos, meaning
"man" and logos. meaning "study." It is one of the most important, modern sciences. It was practically unknown hundreds of years ago. Anthropologists study man in different ways. There are those that study the history of man and there are those that study present-day man. There are anthropologists whose interest is focused on where man came from; others on the progress of man's life over the years, how he survived through the ages, and how he adapts to life in the modern world.
Anthropology is divided into three parts: The first is the study of geography in relation to man, how he lives in different parts of the world and in different climates.. The second is the study of the races of mankind and the differences and similarities between the races, the color of their skins, their height, weight and stature, as well as the shapes of their heads, noses and jaws. The third is the study of man's culture, how he uses his intelligence, together with his activities; how man began building his home, the kind of clothing he wears, the tools he uses; his social life, language, religion, customs and family life, as well as how he governs himself. Anthropologists are engaged in the study of ancient and prehistoric
man. There are specialists in each of the branches of anthropology.
Archaeology means "the study and knowledge of what is ancient." An archaelogist studies men who lived thousands of years ago and their earliest writings. This is done by digging up and studying the things that are unearthed, such as earthenware, artifacts and primitive tools.
Various cultures of mankind are classified in the order of Ages, such as the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. There are ways in which archaelogists can tell the approximate age of a particular artifact. Archaelogy goes on constantly and innumerable objects continue to be discovered on every continent and on many islands.
The science of archaeology began about five hundred years ago when many people found it profitable to dig up old marble statues and ornaments that were made by ancient Greeks and Egyptians. They began studying such artistic relics and by so doing, realized that they could even learn from these as far as the way they had live long ago.