Ecology And Environment

Mitigation strategies for the prevention and control of drought

Pauline Abreu's image for:
"Mitigation strategies for the prevention and control of drought"
Image by: 

Drought is a common and serious problem for many severely dry places in the world. In order to combat this problem there have been drought mitigation strategies put in place that will help alleviate this naturally occurring condition. The land can become seriously dry due to lack of rain, or any form of water over a period of years, or sometimes months in drier climates. There are certain strategies when it comes to thinking about mitigation and its benefits towards the drought situation, and added factors in the prevention of droughts.

Using the prediction process in mitigation strategies

Climate studies are used in the prediction process to determine data with regard to anomalous circulation patterns of the ocean and atmosphere. Studies are undertaken to find out how much water is available for domestic use, and also for the purpose of irrigation. The amount of moisture in the soil at particular time periods will also be a significant detail in the studies.

Gathering information

Ground and satellite systems make reports on weather conditions, the amount of rainfall and also look closely at the condition of growing crops. Satellite systems have the advantage of giving a wider range of information than ground systems. Soil and water conservation, as well as better management of crops can help with the mitigation strategies.

Monitoring drought

The monitoring of soil and water conservation plays a huge role when looking at drought mitigation strategies. In order to conserve both these things there are various helpful solutions, such as, crop rotation, litter management, and water retention and detention systems. Measures are put in place to prevent soil erosion and create more moisture in the soil. These measures include, contour farming and the use of mulch. Also, off season tillage is recommended as a mitigation strategy.

Methods of study in drought mitigation

As part of the drought mitigation plan there are different activities put in place. The collection of rainfall is used for domestic or irrigation purpose in times of severe drought. Stone walls and trenches are made to contain the water flow making the soil moist and also preventing erosion of the soil. The monitoring of cattle and grazing restrictions have to be put in place.

Planning ahead

Overall, planning is the key to succesful drought mitigation; and farmers should put preventative measures in to practice as much as they can. Planting drought ressistant crops and pastures is a big help in the mitigation process. Think in advance on feed and water supplies; and cattle can be re-located to pastures not affected by the drought. A good drought mitigation plan helps everyone, and also significantly gives plant life a chance of survival.

More about this author: Pauline Abreu

From Around the Web