Atmosphere And Weather

How a Thunderstorm Forms



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The Cumulus stage, the mature stage, and the dissipation stage are three Stages of development for thunderstorms.  Over 40,000 thunderstorms take place on earth each day. As the thunderstorm begins to form it starts at the cumulus stage.  It continues to advance to severity until it reaches its peak at the mature stage, and then it gradually dies out as it reaches the dissipation stage.

The Cumulus Stage-

This is the first step in formation of any thunderstorm and has many noticeable factors. As a thunderstorm, first starts to form forces acting on it are pushing it up.  Solar isolation is one of these forces, which heat up the earth beneath the thunderstorm.  This will produce thermals. These thermals will cause the clouds to rise high.  This is another way a thunderstorm can form, by being pushed upwards a storm that is an area where the wind is come in different directions. This will force the air to rise, therefore, bringing the clouds with it.

The thunderstorm is beginning to rise into the atmosphere, at this point the moisture in the clouds will begin to cool off and change from gas clouds to water.  Now the water will transform, and cumulus clouds will become the first stage for the thunderstorm.  Heat is released as the water begins to condense to liquid, this will warm the surrounding air and produce an updraft, which causes convection.  This will create a low-pressure zone beneath the thunderstorm that is associated with mature thunderstorm.

The rising and cooling patterns will continue until the thunderstorm reaches the mature stage of its life.  The thunderstorm is  entering its mature stage. This is the point of cap. The air will go no further.  Transformation begins to take place for the clouds again; they are  called cumulonimbus incurs clouds.  When the water droplets start to combine with each other, this makes the clouds heavy and the water starts to freeze into ice.  These particles of ice become drops of rain, as they fall out of the clouds.

The Dissipation Stage-

The mixture of updrafts and downdrafts in the clouds produce thunder and lightning as they mature.  The final stage of dissipation is when the rainfall stops, or it decreases in its intensity.  They have been known to produce high winds.

Thunderstorms produce a downpour of rain that can last an hour to half hour. Over 40,000 thunderstorms can take place on our earth every day. These can cause a lot of damage and are the cause of most natural disasters.  The lighting from thunderstorms can cause death, and injury as well as start forest fires.  Thunderstorms can cause hail damage, heavy rains. They will cause flash floods, wind damage, and tornado's.   These as well have been known to contribute to the formation of hurricanes.

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