The 19th century saw a drastic change from the home economy to mass production. Factories were erected not only by sources of water, but also in cities and towns all across Europe. This resulted in a plethora of new groundbreaking inventions in the 19th century. The main theme of all the inventions is communication. Here are the some of the most groundbreaking inventions of the time.
1. Locomotives: In 1804, Richard Trevithick invented the first locomotive or in modern day terms, the first train. This new steam-powered invention revolutionized America allowing goods to be transported quicker and more efficiently. It helped the farm industry to prosper because the transport of produce could now be done without spoiling. And finally, it gave the world a new way to travel, opening the West to civilization.
2. Stethoscope: This groundbreaking invention by Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec helped to improve medicine by giving doctors the power to hear the body's rhythms or namely, the heart. With this invention, doctors could now diagnose and treat patients better.
3. Internal Combustion Engine: Samuel Morey invented the internal combustion engine in 1826, which soon replaced the steam engine. This invention utilized the compression of gases in cylinders at high speeds. Add a spark from a spark plug and voilayou have an engine. However, it was not until 1854, when Italians, Eugenio Barsanti and Felice Matteucci, created a working engine with this concept.
4. Refrigerator: In 1834, John Perkins came up with a machine that would keep food cool. As a result, the refrigerator became a success in keeping food from spoiling and thus, reducing disease.
5. Morse Code: One of the most useful inventions, even to this day, the Morse code, developed by Samuel Morse, is a series of lines and dashes. Each group of 3 of these represents a letter in the alphabet. Today, this code is used in emergencies, such as the code, SOS.
6. Telephone: The telephone, invented by Antonio Meucci, redefined communication. Now, people can talk with others without ever leaving their house. Messages can be relayed in a matter of seconds and everyone was connected.
7. Elevator: Invented by Elisha Otis in 1853, this groundbreaking invention allowed cities to expand upwards. The new form of transport facilitated workers when building and allowed people to be transported up 100 and even 200 stories.
8. Barbed Wire: This invention, invented by Louis Jennin, gave people more personal space, allowing them to enclose their personal property. In the Mid-West, this gave ranchers a way to keep their cattle and buffalo from running astray.
9. Radio: The invention of this new communication device made people more informed of what was going on. Broadcasts could now be transmitted and received. No longer were people left in the dark during wars and catastrophes. This invention would prove useful in the upcoming wars.
10. Gasoline powered automobile: Invented by Gottlieb Diamler, the automobile is perhaps the most groundbreaking invention yet. It facilitates in transportation, allowing people to move freely from the cities to the suburbs. People and supplies could now travel well in cities. As a result, migration occurred and a new age would dawn, bringing on even more groundbreaking inventions.