This is an alphabetical listing by state of those colleges that have astronomy degrees. There are several others that offer minors and related degrees. All of the information posted here can also be found at http://space.about.com/library/weekly/blusschools.htm with links to the individual school's website.
University of Alabama Minor; M.S.; Ph. D.
University of Arizona B.S.; Ph. D.
San Diego State University B.A.; B.S.; M.S.
University of California Los Angeles Ph. D.
University of Colorado Boulder B.A.
Wesleyan University B.S.; M.S.
Yale University B.A.; B.S.; Ph.D.
University of Delaware M.A.; M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Florida B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
Georgia State University Ph.D.
University of Hawaii M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Hawaii Hilo B.S.
University of Chicago M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
Northwestern University Ph.D.
Ball State University Minor
Indiana University B.S.; M.A.; Ph.D.
University of Iowa B.A.; B.S.; M.S.
University of Kansas B.A.; B.S.
Boston University B.S.; M.S.; Ph. D.
Harvard University B.S.; Ph.D.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst B.A.; B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D
Wellesley College B.A.
Williams College B.A.
Johns Hopkins University Ph.D.
University of Maryland B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
Minnesota State University, Mankato B.A.; B.S.
Dartmouth College B.S.
Princeton University Ph. D.
State University of New Jersey, Rutgers M.S.; Ph.D.
New Mexico State University M.S.; Ph.D.
Colgate University B.A.
Columbia University B.A.; M.A.; M.Phil.; Ph.D.
Cornell University B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Rochester B.A.; B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
Vassar College B.A.
University of North Carolina M.S.; Ph.D.
Case Western Reserve University B.A.; B.S.; M.S.; Ph. D.
Ohio State University B.S.; M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Oklahoma B.S.
Penn State University B.S.
Swarthmore College B.A.
University of Pennsylvania M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Pittsburgh B.A.; B.S.
Villanova University B.S.
Vanderbilt University M.S.
University of Texas at Austin B.A.; M.S.; Ph.D.
University of Virginia B.S.; M.S.; P.D.
University of Washington - B.S.; M.S.; P.D.
University of Wisconsin at Madison B.S.; Ph.D.