By: Bran Herbert
The Mississippian Period (AD800 - AD1600)The Mississippian period was first identified by Smithsonian anthropologist W. H. Holmes, who examined several different pottery groups of eastern North America. His definition now extends to the cultural complexes that produced those ceramics (Green 1997). This period was characterized...
By: Bran Herbert
Middle Woodland (500BC - 200BC) There were two main subsistence patterns during the Middle Woodland. The first is an agricultural-hunting complex in the south. The second is a fishing-hunting complex in the north Great Lakes region (Cleland 1966:62). This fishing complex reached its full stature...
By: Bran Herbert
Early Woodland (800BC - 500BC) Important technological changes occurred as interregional contact increased. The characteristic signal for the Early Woodland period is the widespread use of pottery, which gained renewed attention. While containers had existed in various forms since the Middle Archaic, and possibly even...
By: Bran Herbert
Middle Archaic (6,800BC - 3,800BC) The Middle Archaic period was characterized by increased ceremonialism and a change in occupation patterns. Evidence of large shell and midden heaps along rivers in the Upper Midwest indicates that, around 4,500BC, camp locations were occupied for...
By: Bran Herbert
Early Archaic (9,200BC - 6,800BC) The Early Archaic shares many similarities with the Late Paleoindian period. Populations remained in small bands of several dozen and continued a mobile hunter-gatherer subsistence strategy (Milner 2004:31). Interregional contact was essential in order to guarantee access to...
By: Bran Herbert
Late Paleoindian (10,000BC - 9,200BC)Several changes occurred in the Late Paleoindian. Northern foraging territories increased as a result of continued deglaciation (Mason 1997). These foraging strategies were adapted by the Paleoindians to the lake and forest conditions that they encountered more frequently (Mason...
By: Simon Wright
Evolution is 'a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage'* Thebiological definition of evolution is 'the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms'*.Biological evolution was first identified by naturalist Charles Darwin...
By: Jonte Rhodes
Bipedalism simply means to walk on two limbs rather then the more common four limbs. It is a popular misconception that humans are the only animals that do this. Certainly bipeds are a lot rarer than quadrupeds (those that use four limbs for movement). But...
By: Dawn Taylor
"Archeology and Anthropology in Court:The Battle for the Kennewick Man" For centuries the battle between science and cultures has been waged all over the world in courtrooms. The findings of anthropologists and archeologists vs. the tribes and cultures of the lands, which they excavate. One...
By: Anne StClair
When we think about evolution we usually mean biological evolution, which is the gradual change in species and the development of new species over a long period of time. There are several other categories however, such as cosmological, physical and chemical evolution.The word evolution...

 

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