By: Srikanth Radhakrishna
The human knee, which is a diarthrodial joint, is a complex and important part of the human anatomy. This hinged joint enables the human being to perform various activities like sitting, walking and running. The movement of the knee joint may be compared to that...
Anatomy of the human foot
By: Julie Thomas-Zucker
The human foot consists of the following structures: bones and joints, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, and muscles. Each of these parts need care and have important jobs to do. Bones and joints provide stability to the foot. Many bones make up the foot including the...
Anatomy of the human ankle
By: Dr Pandula Siribaddana
Human ankle is one of the most stable joints in the human body and according to scientists; it is made to withstand a weight of more than eight times the body weight, which occurs during running. However, with all its stability and strength, the ankle...
Anatomy of the human elbow
By: Dr Pandula Siribaddana
The human elbow comprises three bones and these are the humerus of the upper arm and the radius and ulna bones of the forearm. Together, the three bones give rise to a joint complex in which the main movement is unidirectional. Therefore, the elbow joint...
The biological basis of memory
By: Dr. Bryan Katz
How does the brain form and retain memories? This question has fascinated people from all walks of life from time immemorial. Although scientists have discovered a tremendous amount about brain function over the past century, the biological basis of memory largely remains a mystery. Part...
The genetics underlying elephant man disorder
By: Zain Arif
The name “Elephant Man” was used by Englishman Joseph Carey Merrick when, in the late 1800s, he was exhibited as a human curiosity due to his severe physical deformities. His condition began to develop early in his age, starting off as tumors on the...
By: Dr. Bryan Katz
In decades past, autopsies were routinely performed on people who died in U.S. hospitals. Today, autopsies are largely restricted to forensics cases as well as those performed at the behest of the next of kin. Medical experts are not in complete agreement on the...
By: Patrick Sills
Tonsils are considered to be a part of the lymphatic system. This bodily system filters fluid around cells and is a major part of the immune system. There are actually three types of tonsils which include the adenoids located behind the nose, the palatine tonsils...
By: Dr. Bryan Katz
Joseph Merrick (1862-1890), known throughout England as the Elephant Man, may have had the most severe case of neurofibromatosis (NF) documented in the annals of medical literature. In the 19th century, nothing was known about the genetic basis of NF, or of any other disease...
By: Amelia Emery
Proteus syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that is characterized by the over abundance of growth in tissues and bones. There is an estimated 100 individuals with Proteus syndrome out of the entire population of the world and it occurs in less than one...

 

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