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Hormones affected by insulin resistance
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body’s insulin receptors are not as receptive to the hormone insulin, causing the pancreas to produce more insulin in order for the body to appropriately convert blood glucose to energy. The condition is thought to be...
What does an endocrinologist do?
By: Linda L Kinyon
An endocrinologist is a highly trained doctor trained in treating diseases and conditions of the endocrine system. The endocrine system is a complex group of glands that create hormones that regulate our bodies in production of sugars, enzymes, hormones, reproduction, growth and development and more...
Vitelliform macular dystrophy (Best disease): Causes, symptoms and treatment
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Best disease is a genetic disorder known more formally as early onset vitelliform macular dystrophy. It is a rare autosomal dominant disorder first described in 1905 by a German ophthalmologist, Dr. Franz Best. Vitelliform means “egg-like,” which describes the yolk-like appearance of the...
Causes of hepatic encephalopathy
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Encephalopathy is a generic medical term for diseases and disorders that alter the function or structure of the brain. Hepatic means liver, so hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of the brain due to problems with the liver. The liver plays an important role in the...
Wolbachia bacteria can be used to combat dengue virus
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Dengue fever is caused by four related viruses that are spread by mosquitoes, affecting 100 million people each year and killing more than 12,000. The common fever is generally not fatal, but infection causes uncomfortable and unpleasant symptoms for a week or longer without...
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM): Diagnosis and treatment
By: William Menna
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, commonly known as LAM, is a very rare and serious lung disease. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis begins with shortness of breath during exercise and progresses to the point where breathing becomes difficult throughout the day. LAM mostly affects women, though men can also develop the condition. Diagnosing...
Causes of endophthalmitis
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Endophthalmitis is an inflammatory condition of the eye, specifically the intraocular cavities - inside the eye is the aqueous humor between the cornea and lens, and the vitreous humor between the lens and retina. The inflammation can be either infectious or non-infectious, though the most...
Conditions comprising WHIM syndrome
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
WHIM syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant genetic disorder that affects the immune system. The condition is named from the acronym formed by four conditions: warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections (or immunodeficiency) and myelokathexis. The first symptoms of the disorder usually present as recurring infections in early...
How vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) antagonists treat macular degeneration
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
Macular degeneration is a form of age-related blindness that develops over time. One cause of the blindness is neovascularization (i.e. new blood vessel growth) of the eye. In 1997, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was found to be over-expressed in patients with wet macular...
The relationship between sleep and obesity
By: Alicia M Prater PhD
In 2005, research showed that less sleep and higher body mass index (BMI) are related, confirming studies from the 1980s that correlated fewer hours of sleep a night with increased incidence of being overweight. How they were related, and whether one caused the other, was...

 

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