By: Shannon Farlouis
Estuaries are protected places that have rivers and streams that provide fresh water for a wide variety of wildlife and birds. Estuaries can be found all across the world. In and around estuaries is a variety of habitats that attract the wildlife and birds. Estuaries...
Instruments commonly used in oceanography
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Since the invention of boats and the need to recognize the seas, ocean explorers have relied on rustic instruments to measure and observe the ocean. The Vikings used a lead weight with a hollow underside, which was attached to a line . Once the weight collected...
What motivated early ocean explorers
By: Kimberly Napier
Early explorers were often driven by curiosity and a need for territory. They wanted to know about other people, if they were stronger than themselves, or would they make good partners in trade? Horizon There was also a curiosity about the ocean. In the 1400s...
By: Shaheen Daad
When the Challenger set out in 1872 on its four-year scientific expedition to traverse the oceans of the world, it was major news. Nowadays it requires the landing on a distant planet, or one of those recurrent atom smashing feats of the physicists, to capture...
By: Shaheen Daad
When Christopher Columbus peered across the vast Atlantic Ocean, he wondered, "Maybe I can cross this pond and get to the riches of India!" Not a very noble thought, you would think. At best he might just have been thinking of trade, but the...
By: Alex Waite
The ocean floor is made up of a combination of rock, sand, sediment and organic waste. Each of these is highly complex, made up of ever-increasing types. Sediment is one of these. Containing predominantly lithogenous, biogenous, cosmogenous and hydrogenous matter, the sediment is highly complex...
What has drilling into the sea floor contributed to ocean science?
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Ocean drilling is the process by which scientists drill into the Earth's ocean crust to collect sample cores of rock. This has allowed scientists to obtain samples of fluids, and microbes contained in the core samples. Scientific drilling is carried out in the ocean by...
How the change in sea level impacts animal life
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Sea level has been rising at an average rate of approximately 1.8 mm a year for the past 100 years. Sea level rise has been attributed mainly to an increase in global temperatures and the subsequent thermal expansion, which causes the upper 500 meters...
Interesting facts about the River Danube
By: Tim Harry
Immortalised by Johann Strauss II with the Blue Danube Waltz (An der schönen blauen Donau), Europe’s River Danube is one of the continent’s most important rivers. In terms of size, the River Danube flows for 1770 miles, making it the continent’s...
By: Hai Shunxi
The word "pelagic" comes from an ancient Greek word that means "open sea." Pelagic sediments are those that have settled slowly through the waters of the open ocean to collect on the seafloor. These sediments mainly consist of fine-grained clay and the skeletons of...

 

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