What a black smoker is
By: Margaret Gaines
WHAT A BLACK SMOKER IS Black smokers are hydrothermal vents on the sea floor where hot water erupts into the freezing waters of the deep ocean. The hot water is less dense than the surrounding deep ocean water so it rises in the water...
The intercoastal water way recreation
By: Jim Kerrigan
The inter-coastal waterway was ordered constructed by President Woodrow Wilison during the First World War. The German U-boats posed a threat to American shipping and we needed a way to move goods around our coastline without exposing them to German submarines. The inter-coastal waterway tied...
Facts about Antarctic Islands
By: Ray Burke
Antarctic Islands: Before Antarctica had been discovered, there was avid speculation as to what lay at the end of the southern world. Many an explorer, whaler, and adventurer sought their destinies and fortunes in the quest for the Southern Continent. Finally, after centuries, the Southern...
Facts about Antarctica
By: Ray Burke
Antarctican facts: After centuries of speculation and exploration, Antarctica was finally discovered on January 27, 1820, by Estonian Admiral Thaddeus Von Bellingshausen, commanding a Russian voyage. Since then it has captivated explorers, scientists, and the public's imaginations. Though what do people really know about Antarctica...
How did the Earth get its oceans?
By: Morgan Carlson
How did the Earth get its oceans? For that matter, how did the Earth get landmass and tectonic plate movements? Less than surprisingly, the two attributes of the planet may be inter-related. Before the oceans were formed, favorable conditions on Earth supporting liquid water would...
By: A. Ephesos
Our planet is about 4.5 billion years old, and life is thought to have first appeared about 3 billion years ago in a marine environment, and even more, it is thought to have appeared by accident, as an extraordinary set of circumstances would have...
Will Great Rivers Die
By: T. Scott Randolph
A river is a river. Whether it a great river or just a big stream, it is still in danger from various sources. Most often of course this source is mankind. We tend to mess up nature on a massive scale. It wasn't all that...
By: Margaret Gaines
The name the Southern Ocean is a somewhat controversial name that is not universally recognized for the body of water that encircles Antarctica. Unlike the other oceans, the boundary of the Southern Ocean is defined by currents rather than land masses. Its northern boundary fluctuates...
By: Darian Peters
The great ocean conveyor is the circulation system of the ocean. The conveyor transports both energy and matter around the world in an identifiable circulatory pattern. This system is conceptualised as acting like a giant conveyor belt taking heat energy across immense ocean distances in...
By: Dhikra A. Dean
Estuaries and hydrothermal vents constitute two very different ecosystems, but they have a curious characteristic in common: in both, two different kinds of water meet, creating a unique environment. Their peculiar features favor the flourishing of many forms of life, and have therefore become...

 

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