By: Shaheen Daad
When the Challenger set out in 1872 on its four-year scientific expedition to traverse the oceans of the world, it was major news. Nowadays it requires the landing on a distant planet, or one of those recurrent atom smashing feats of the physicists, to capture...
By: Shaheen Daad
When Christopher Columbus peered across the vast Atlantic Ocean, he wondered, "Maybe I can cross this pond and get to the riches of India!" Not a very noble thought, you would think. At best he might just have been thinking of trade, but the...
Facts about gems
By: Shelby Little
Did you know there are around 4,000 known types of minerals? About 200 types of those minerals create what we know as gemstones, and are found all over the world. Gemstones are coveted for their beauty, value, and sometimes surprising functionality. The creation of...
By: Alex Waite
The ocean floor is made up of a combination of rock, sand, sediment and organic waste. Each of these is highly complex, made up of ever-increasing types. Sediment is one of these. Containing predominantly lithogenous, biogenous, cosmogenous and hydrogenous matter, the sediment is highly complex...
'Grand Canyon' discovered underneath Red Sea
By: Leigh Goessl
A British Navy survey ship recently made an astonishing find below the depths of the Red Sea. The Royal Navy discovered what has been dubbed in media reports as the "Grand Canyon of the Red Sea". According to Discovery News, the previously unchartered 820-foot-deep canyon...
What has drilling into the sea floor contributed to ocean science?
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Ocean drilling is the process by which scientists drill into the Earth's ocean crust to collect sample cores of rock. This has allowed scientists to obtain samples of fluids, and microbes contained in the core samples. Scientific drilling is carried out in the ocean by...
How the change in sea level impacts animal life
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Sea level has been rising at an average rate of approximately 1.8 mm a year for the past 100 years. Sea level rise has been attributed mainly to an increase in global temperatures and the subsequent thermal expansion, which causes the upper 500 meters...
Why the sky is blue
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
The sky is blue due to Rayleigh scattering, which is the dispersion of light by particles much smaller than the wavelength of visible light. The sun's light is composed of all the colors of the visible spectrum. The gas molecules scatter the higher energy (blue)...
Interesting facts about the River Danube
By: Tim Harry
Immortalised by Johann Strauss II with the Blue Danube Waltz (An der schönen blauen Donau), Europe’s River Danube is one of the continent’s most important rivers. In terms of size, the River Danube flows for 1770 miles, making it the continent’s...
By: Hai Shunxi
The word "pelagic" comes from an ancient Greek word that means "open sea." Pelagic sediments are those that have settled slowly through the waters of the open ocean to collect on the seafloor. These sediments mainly consist of fine-grained clay and the skeletons of...

 

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