By: Ari Diozon
Maelstroms are turbulent, swirling vortexes within bodies of water. From novels to movies, their chaotic power has inspired literature and entertainment for hundreds of years. They exist all over the world from the frigid Arctic Circle to lava islands of Hawaii. This guide explores the...
By: Dr Pandula Siribaddana
Environmental stress is the pressure exerted by human interventions and natural events on the delicate components of the environment. It describes the pressure to co-exist and maintain balance in the context of the ever-increasing demands and damages that derails the natural balance. Given the extreme...
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a natural occurring gas found in trace amounts in the atmosphere. As part of the carbon cycle, many plants, algae and cyanobacteria use CO2 in photosynthesis to produce chemical energy and oxygen as a waste product. Carbon dioxide accumulates in the...
By: Michael Totten
A maelstrom is a powerful open-water whirlpool which is created by clashing water currents. A few maelstroms are caused by tsunamis. However, the best known maelstroms from around the world are all in locations which are also known for strong currents and particularly high or...
Undersea volcanoes: Submarine mountains or guyots
By: Julie Thomas-Zucker
Guyots and seamounts are two types of underwater volcanoes. Seamounts retain their shape while erosion and wave action shaves off the top of the seamount to make a guyot. The guyots remain below the water and not visible to boaters or those on the surface...
By: Muneer Moosa Dhamani
There are a few seas in the world that would give you a run for your money if you went for a swim in any of them. These seas, for justified reasons, are known as the deadly seas of the world. Here is a look...
By: Geert Hesters
Plants are able to make biomass (leaves, roots,…) from a gas found in the atmosphere, namely carbon dioxide (CO2). Carbon dioxide is a stable, inert gas. To make this gas more reactive and useful for the plant, it needs to be ‘reduced&rsquo...
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
Coastal wetlands are ecosystems that serve many valuable functions; they are important sources of food and fresh water. They provide valuable services, including water treatment and erosion control. Wetlands filter water and provide habitat for a number of animal and plant species. They also serve...
By: Dr Pandula Siribaddana
Minerals can be defined as solid chemical substances, which have their own chemical characteristics, atomic structures and physical properties. They can be found everywhere in the world and their formation is dependent upon natural biogeochemical processes. However, it is only in a few places where...
Submarine canyons at the edges of continental shelves
By: Dr Pandula Siribaddana
The transitional zone between a shallow continental shelf and a deep ocean basin has always been an interesting place for scientific research, not only because of the different oceanographic processes that take place within the region, but also because of the significant biodiversity that can...

 

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