Life near an active volcano
By: Author Name Withheld 161
Volcanoes have been around for millions of years. They are both incredibly destructive and beautifully life-forming. Volcanoes are openings on the surface of the Earth that allow hot liquids and gases to come forth from below. When the volcano erupts, it releases these liquids and...
By: Alison Bowler
The Goliath Grouper or jewfish lives in the tropical and sub-tropical waters of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. The largest of the groupers, the goliath grouper can grow to over two meters in length and exceed 800 pounds in weight. For over a hundred years...
Why the world suffers hurricanes and tornados
By: Mark Cherpak
Tornados and Hurricanes: People assume there are no authentic differences between Hurricanes and Tornados. On the contrary, there is a major distinction among the two super storms. One storm is born off the shores of southern Africa where the other is born on land. HURRICANES:...
Weather: How a halo is formed
By: Jose Juan Gutierrez
A halo is a ring of light encircling and extending away from the sun or moon. The display of light is produced when sunlight or moonlight is refracted off tiny ice crystals contained within cirrostratus clouds. The most common type of halo produced by the...
Social impacts due to the depletion of coral reefs
By: James Johnson
Coral reefs are being damaged and depleted in oceans around the world due to pollution and global warming. The effects on the marine environment are devastating to say the least. But what the impacts of the rest of the world, from a social standpoint. Will...
By: Michelle Greysen
The intricate development of a coral reef is both detailed and complex. The basic three formation stages of a reef development are the early forming Fringing reefs initiating close to the land, followed by the Barrier Reef forming a well defined zone separated from...
The impact of ocean acidification on coral reefs
By: James Johnson
Acidification of the ocean is deadly to coral reefs and the creatures that rely on them. It destroys the natural balance and structure of the chemistry of the coral reef by depleting the calcium compounds, reducing the oxygen levels and raising carbon dioxide content. How...
By: Michelle Greysen
A Fringing reef, named for the visual fringe around the shoreline, may be the closest look many who visit the tropics will get to a coral reef. This most common and first stage of reef formation grows best on the hard rocky surface along...
By: Rex Trulove
Crater Lake was formed when Mount Mazama erupted thousands of years ago. As the massive magma pocket released its contents, throwing volcanic rock as far as Boise, Idaho and Canada, the action created an empty space above the magma pocket. No longer supported, the top...
Permafrost explained
By: D. Vogt
Permafrost is a layer of soil or earth which is permanently below the freezing point. The geological definition does not require that water ice actually be present in order for a region to be defined as permafrost, though with some exceptions (like at bedrock layers)...

 

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