By: Elizabeth M Young
Copper is one of the oldest and easiest metals to be mined, refined, shaped and used for a variety of purposes. In the beginning, copper served as coinage and decoration. When alloyed with tin, copper led humanity out of the stone age and into the...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Herkimer diamonds have a very interesting name, look and history, but are not actually diamonds. These are quartz crystals that have two branches, which creates doubled terminations. Tibetan quartz is double terminated quartz, sometimes with manganese and carbon included. A normal quartz crystal will grow...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a division called the Solid Earth Science Working Group. Since the Earth is made up of a liquid core that is filled with molten magma and a solid crust that has tectonic plates, thinner and thicker...
By: Elizabeth M Young
The Earth is fine for our survival at the surface, but gets uncomfortably hot when we go too deep! The natural heat (thermo) from beneath the surface of the Earth's crust (geo) shows promise as an endless and clean source of geothermal power. This massive...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Soil is composed of rock that has been weathered by atmospheric forces of mild acid, water and wind until it is broken down into fine grains. Fertile soil is soil that is infused with decomposed and decomposing plant, insect, fish, animal and other life forms...
By: Elizabeth M Young
On the Android and I-Phone, there is an excellent application for tracking earthquakes in a selected area or around the world. The problem with this application is that there is, on average, a 6 plus magnitude earthquake somewhere in the world about every couple of...
What is the East African Rift System (EARS)?
By: D. Vogt
The East Arican Rift System is a massive rift zone spanning east Africa from the Afar Depression, by the Red Sea, south and then into the ocean near Mozambique. The massive rift valley is produced by a geological process in which the African Plate is...
By: Elizabeth M Young
It is difficult, if not impossible to find the exact top ten strategic minerals at any given time for all of the developed nations for two reasons: governments tend to be cagey about letting the world know what they are using for military and other...
Life near an active volcano
By: Christyl Rivers
Living on an active volcano is about as serene as anyone could imagine. That is because, Hualalai, the volcano upon which I sit as I type, has been relatively quiet for decades. However, on the other side of our island of Hawaii, Kilauea is not...
By: D. Vogt
In September 2010, a Richter 7.1. earthquake ripped through Christchurch, New Zealand, causing considerable building damage but fortunately only injuring two people. Earthquakes aren't news in New Zealand - in fact, the country's strong building codes probably saved many lives in this incident alone...

 

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