By: Elizabeth M Young
Imagine being lucky enough to find quartz that has qualities that no other quartz has. Quartz is a hard crystal, six sided and formed under enormous increments of time, the perfect conditions and with pressure. It all begins with silicon and oxygen that forms in...
By: Elizabeth M Young
It all begins with columbite-tantalite, which is a dull, black metallic ore. Columbite and tantalite are usually found grouped together and the two minerals can have many names, both scientific and industrial. Columbite can be called niobite, niobite-tantalite or columbate. It is the ore or...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Strategic minerals can be defined by a couple of standards. First, a developed nation needs them for military, industrial or commercial purposes that are essential to the economy, defense, medicine, and for other reasons. In the second definition, not enough of the essential minerals are...
By: Elizabeth M Young
NASA recently celebrated the ten year birthday of the Terra Satellite, which was put to work on February 24, 2000. The Terra Satellite is one of the Earth Observing System (EOS) group of satellites, with the title EOS AM-1. Terra's mission is to ultimately collect...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Agate is a variation of Chalcedony, which is a variation of silica that is called cryptocristalline. Cryptocrystalline means that the mineral crystals are so fine that they are only vaguely seen in patterns and fine variations. Chalcedony has the crystals quartz and monganite that are...
By: Elizabeth M Young
The amateur geologist, like the professional geologist, is interested in maps, mapping and understanding how to get around with maps as a reference. For every amateur geologist, from the seriousgem or meteroite collector to the interested person who took Geology 101 in college, maps are...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Dependency on fossil fuels has created a nightmare for the developed and developing countries. It is not just the gross pollution that results from burning of fossil fuels, there is the nature of dependency on a strategic mineral which is growing more and more dangerous...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Imagine a perfectly innocent quartz crystal that has grown to considerable size. It is lying there, at the bottom of a shallow sea, when a meterorite rudely invites itself to crash into the Earth's surface with considerable noise, pressure, heat. There is so much pressure...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Soil that is of sufficient quality to sustain plant life is hard to make since it can take thousands of years for about an inch of potentially potable or fertile soil to be made. An interesting chart of the historical events that happened as one...
By: Elizabeth M Young
The announcement during 2010 that vast reserves of minerals were found in Afghanistan was made with great fanfare. The public was led to believe that a "small" cadre of US geologists and military officials "suddenly" discovered the mineral deposits. In addition to massive veins and...

 

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