How Surtsey Island was formed
By: Shelly Barclay
Starting in 1963, a new island was formed in the Atlantic Ocean off southern Iceland. The island would become known as Surtsey.The forming of Surtsey was a unique opportunity for scientists to observe the volcanic formation of an island. This had never happened in...
Yellowstone: A silent threat?
By: John Savage
Is the Yellowstone super volcano a silent ticking time bomb? Many believe it is. This mega volcano is said to erupt approximately every 600,00 years, so what is there to worry about? Plenty, it has already been about 640,000 years since its’ last...
By: Hai Shunxi
The Care and Feeding of Blowout Preventers Beginning in April, 2010, the news was filled with the unfamiliar terminology of deep-water drilling. We learned about risers, drilling mud, semi-submersible drill ships, and blowout preventers. One already familiar phrase was “oil spill,” but did...
History of crude oil (petroleum) and natural gas exploitation
By: Norman A. Rubin
It has now been more than 50 days since the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and there are many unanswered questions. What is the cause of this environmental disaster – human or mechanical failure? How much oil is really spewing out of the...
Yellowstone: A silent threat?
By: Selenna
Beautiful Yellowstone's active geo-thermal features make it like no other place on earth. On March 1, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed into law a bill which made the area of Yellowstone the nations first national park. Scientists believed that the natural wonders of the...
By: Elizabeth M Young
There is no general agreement on the definition of an "oil plume". Some scientists, the media and the public understand the term to mean a body of oil that is on, or under the surface of the water or is spreading on or into the...
A history of the petroleum industry and the origins of crude oil
By: Allan Taylor
The first petroleum company was Seneca Oil founded in 1858 in Pennsylvania by George Bissell and Jonathan Eveleth. Originally it was called the Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company with the objective of collecting oil from a spring at Titusville, Pennsylvania. They hired Edwin Drake to dig...
By: Elizabeth M Young
Afghanistan will never have a fix for war. The location of the country places it as a major crossroads of the world that will always be tantalizing to foreign powers. From all directions, every culture and civilization has transited through Afghanistan to get to and...
By: Lynette Alice
Despite all the doom and gloom scenarios being played out in the news and on the internet, BP does have a way to plug the Deepwater Horizon gusher that makes sense and can realistically work. The fix is not immediate nor is it the absolute...
By: Janet Grischy
Not all crude oil has the same composition. Some is heavier, some lighter, and some sour, meaning it contains more than about 2.5 percent sulfur. All crude oil, though, is a mixture of different hydrocarbons, which are molecules composed of hydrogen and carbon. These...

 

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