An introduction to the ecology of estuaries
By: Breezycycle
Estuaries are powerhouses that provide natural resources, food, recreation, and natural scenic beauty. These bays and lagoons that enclose areas where freshwater from rivers and streams blends with salt water from the ocean are also areas of scientific research. Perhaps there is an estuary that...
By: Maria C Collins
Dutch elm disease is a fungal disease affecting elm trees. A particularly virulent form of the disease hit Britain in the mid nineteen sixties killing many English elms. A pandemic began affecting trees in Europe between the nineteen twenties and nineteen forties reaching Britain by...
How Britain's elm trees were ravaged by Dutch elm disease
By: Allienne Becker
Cause of Dutch Elm Disease A fungal disease, affecting Britain’s trees, Dutch Elm Disease, so named by a Dutch scientist, is caused by two European bark beetles—the the Scolytus scolytus and the Scolytus multistriatus—that feed upon the bark of the elms, transmitting...
How Britain's elm trees were ravaged by Dutch elm disease
By: Maria F. Garcia
The English elm, once a common sight in the European, North American and Asian countryside, was ravaged in the late 20th century by an aggressive strain of the Dutch Elm Disease (DED). The English elm is one of the main native elms of Britain. The...
By: Patrick Sills
In the minds of many, sitting before a campfire or fireplace is regarded as a pleasant experience. However, what you may not know is that many components of wood smoke are carcinogenic. In fact, wood smoke contains a similar number of toxins as tobacco smoke...
By: Nick Ford
On April 21, 2008 the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) offered a $1 million prize for the first team to successfully produce synthetic meat that is comparable to and is commercially viable to naturally sourced meat products. With over 30 research groups...
By: Elizabeth M Young
In these times of political false witness, it is important to identify the motives of those who want to downgrade the priority of critical environmental projects, given that the environment is in more trouble every day. After identifying those who want to downgrade environmental projects...
By: Dan J. Hernandez
We often hear about the scourge of invasive species in the United States. They have taken over the Everglades, damaged the country’s biodiversity, and make up one of the most difficult environmental problems that the USA must deal with. Even the iconic Great Lakes...
By: Elizabeth M Young
In California, which is one of the richest growing regions of the world, the decline in honeybee populations has been going on for two decades. Honeybees are critical for distributing pollen to millions of fruit trees, vegetable crops and other crops and their decline is...
Why the riparian zone is so important to a forest
By: Elizabeth M Young
A riparian zone consists of a waterway, the surrounding or bordering land and the habitats that are supported by the waterway and land. A creek, forest riparian zone would include a stream or river, for example, and will have a definite shape or boundary. The...

 

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