By: Julie Thomas-Zucker
Herpetologists describe toad warts as the brownish-red glands located on either side of the toad head. They are parotoid glands on the toad that contains mucous and poison. Warts are a defense mechanism against anything that would harm them. When scared or roughly touched, the...
By: Alice Shoaf
Biologists have long used the eyes as one of their benchmark classifications between vertebrates and invertebrates. More specifically, they have looked at the photoreceptors utilized by each species to help classify it; the two major photoreceptors being rhabdomeric and ciliary. Recent studies, however, have forced...
By: Suzanne Rose
Drosophila melanogaster, or the fruit fly as it is more commonly called, has played an important part in science. It has aided scientists in the discovery of many different principles. Its importance continues today. The fruit fly has been used for approximately a century in...
By: Leigh Goessl
A previously undiscovered species of lizard has been discovered in the Cardamom Mountains in Cambodia. The lizard, which has no eyes or legs, has been confirmed to be a species not previously seen in the science community. Neang Thy, who works for the Ministry of...
Bivalve profiles: razor clam
By: Heather Waelti
The term Razor Clam refers to several species of clam that are classified as razors. The most notable being the Pacific Razor but the species also includes the Atlantic Jackknife and the Razor Shell clam. The pacific razor clam is native to the ocean waters...
Insect profiles: Damselfly
By: Regina Tillman
There are hundreds and hundreds of known species of the damselfly. This insect is found flying and living all over the world near shallow waters like ponds, lakes, rivers, and streams. Similar to the dragonfly, the damselfly is brightly colored with four large wings that...
By: Fate Tertium
Often seen hovering over ponds, rivers and marshes, damselflies are the flickering jewels of the insect world. But don’t let their shimmering beauty fool you; among insects, they are dangerous predators, with large compound eyes that provide high visual acuity and powerful jaws that...
By: Norman Green
Damselflies are insects belonging to the order Odonata, which also contains dragonflies. Often dragonflies are mistaken for damselflies and vice versa, but damselflies have their own sub-order, Zygoptera ( meaning ‘paired wings’) and there are distinct differences between the two groups of insects...
An overview of the defense system of bees
By: Cotton Lee
Bees have several options available to them when it comes to the matter of defense. Some species of bees have more types of defense than others, depending on relevant predation in the area. Bees have several areas where one might say they need, and indeed...
By: Ayietta Halwenge
Bees are social insects, existing in colonies. Some live in solitude where a fertile female bee builds her nest but does not manufacture honey or beeswax. A good example is the orchard mason bee. A colony of bees is comprised of the queen bee, worker...

 

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