Introduction to chewing lice: Order Mallophaga
By: M E Skeel
Parasitic lice are divided into two major groups according to their method of feeding. Here, we are dealing with the chewing lice. Some authorities consider them a full order, the Mallophaga, while others call the Mallophaga a suborder of the order Phthiraptera. Either way, they...
By: M E Skeel
Springtails are small, soil-dwelling animals that look and act like insects but which some scientists separate from the true insects. Springtails have six legs and are therefore classed in the superclass Hexapoda. They used to be an order of the arthropod class Insecta but are...
Introduction to sucking lice: Order Anoplura
By: M E Skeel
Lice are divided into three groups: sucking lice, elephant lice and chewing lice. Lice with sucking mouthparts belong to the order Anoplura (although some taxonomists call this a suborder in the order Pthiraptera). Sucking lice are parasites of mammals. There are about 500 species of...
Introduction to fleas: Order Siphonaptera
By: M E Skeel
Fleas don't have a very good image to the general public. They are associated with dogs, rats, unclean conditions and disease. But one has to admit that they are amazing little survivors. They have adapted themselves to an ectoparasitic lifestyle that has been highly successful...
By: M E Skeel
All cells, whether free living or part of a larger organism, need certain basic things to survive. If they are animal cells, they need oxygen for respiration and they must rid themselves of the waste gas, carbon dioxide. Plant cells must have access to carbon...
Introduction to aphids and cicadas: Order Homoptera
By: M E Skeel
Cicadas and aphids are bugs. The bugs were for years classified in the order Hemiptera, which means half-wings, and from there into two suborders: Homoptera and Heteroptera. In recent years, some taxonomists have elevated the two suborders to the status of full orders. Whether considered...
By: Brenda Nelson
Coyotes are a widely misunderstood wild canine that live in North and Central America. The best known coyote is a cartoon character who spent his time buying products in an effort to capture an elusive bird, the roadrunner. Of course, real coyotes do not go...
Introduction to the Hemiptera or true bugs
By: M E Skeel
Nothing annoys an entomologist as much as hearing insects called bugs. Only one order of insects deserves this name: the Hemiptera. Hemiptera means half-winged and in true bugs, the front halves of the forward pair of wings are usually sclerotised or hardened. The back halves...
Jacanas (Jacanidae): Characteristics and habitat
By: M E Skeel
Jacanas or lotus birds are distributed widely across the southern hemisphere. They are classified as part of the Charadriiformes, with plovers and lapwings, by some taxonomists, while others consider them to be different enough to deserve their own order. There are eight species in the...
An overview: Hornbills, a tropical or subtropical bird
By: M E Skeel
Hornbills are distinctive birds with large, brightly colored beaks that set them apart from every other order of birds. The 54 species of hornbills are classified in the order Bucerotiformes and divided into two families. In other classification systems, they are included in the Coraciiformes...

 

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