The life of Charles Darwin, Naturalist, zoologist, botanist, and author. Creator of "The Theory of Evolution." Was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father was a physician and his mother a homemaker. Sadly, Charles mother died when he was 8 years old and he was raised by his father, due to the nature of his father's demanding career, always off helping sick and injured people, Darwin's sister raised him.
Charles showed a great interest in all areas of science from the time he was a little boy. He attempted to follow in his father's footsteps and become a physician himself. However, that was not to be, as he failed miserably with his medical training. (One would have to wonder, with all that he accomplished in his lifetime if his failure wasn't indeed an escape route, to pursue his love of nature and science in a different manner.) His father, then sent him to Cambridge in hopes of him becoming a clergymen. While at Cambridge Charles, became friend with an older man, a professor named Robert Edmond.
It was Robert Edmond, who invited Charles, to join him on a five year journey through South America. Charles went along with great interest. They boarded the "Beagle" in 1831. During their travels, Charles, made many observations and took many notes on all the plants and animals he encountered. The notes and observations lead to his best selling, and controversial book "Origin of Species," In which he expands on his Theory of Evolution, however not once in the book did he mention the nature and evolution of man. This book was only one of the total 14 that he wrote, along with four essays in his lifetime.
His life was not without his fair share of upsets, disappointments and tragedies. By the age of 28, Charles was not a healthy man. It was at this time he began having heart problems, as many more health issues were waiting on the horizon, that would plague him for the rest of his life.
Much to his dismay, nearly two decades into writing his book the "Origin of Species" he was contacted by Alfred Russell Wallace, who had written an outline very similar to Charles, on the theory of evolution. However, luckily for Charles, Wallace, was still a teen, when Charles first introduced his Theory of Evolution. Wallace did go on to become a famous naturalist in his own right.
In 1839, Charles married his first cousin, Emma Wedgewood. They had ten children, two of which died a few months after birth and a daughter who died of Scarlet fever at the age of eight.
Charles's, health continued it's downward spiral with all sorts of aliments, including stomach pains, vomiting, dizziness and many more unpleasant symptoms besides his already failing heart. He despite all his health problems he did live to be 73 years old. He died on April 19, 1882.
Charles Darwin's legacy still lived on, nearly 43 years after his death, the famous court case Tennessee VS John Scopes in "The Monkey Scopes Trail". A teacher, John Scopes was tried and found guilty for teaching evolution to his students. He paid a hefty fine, quit teaching and became an engineer.
Many Memorials were made in Charles Darwin's memory, such as: Darwin College, he replaced Charles Dickens, on the 10 pound note and has 14 species of birds named after him "Darwin Finches". Of course these are just a few memorials made in his honor.
Even today in the year 2007, Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution still sparks much debate when compared to the Theory of Creation.