Sir Charles Darwin
After the American Civil War, there were many theories considering the "negroes", made by American anthropologists. It was Charles Darwin who reasoned that the differences in races was superficial and that all human beings belonged in the same category, though in places like South America, he saw evidence of human beings in a more primitive state, which caused him to believe completely that humans had evolved.
In his publication, Origin, he reasoned that the "fit" would rise and the less fit would succumb to poverty and disease. (But who would've guessed that the churches would help this theory along, while claiming to hate Darwin?)
His cousin, Francis Galton, science man that he was. threw in his two cents worth. It's called Eugenics. Yes, Francis reasoned that physical traits were indeed inherited and so was intelligence and genius.
It was Charles Darwin himself who reasoned that adaptive features indicated a "natural selection". Darwin did not believe that the barbaric were a sign that man had fallen from grace, rather he believed that man had evolved. Would that perhaps explain the early philosophers? Aristotle was born and lived over 300 years before Christ was born. Indeed, Aristotle offered accurate teachings which even today are thought brilliant, but it was Christ who predicted that intelligence randomly would evolve.
Charles Darwin was born February 12, 1809 and died April 19, 1882. He was born at Mount House, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England to Robert and Susannah Darwin. He was the 5th child of 6 children. Robert Darwin was a "free thinker", and according to some accounts, an atheist. However, he had his son Charles baptized in the Anglican church, though the family was Unitarian and Charles attended the Unitarian church with his mother and siblings.
It was a freed black slave by the name of John Edmonstone who taught the science of taxidermy to Darwin. Darwin described John Edmonstone as, "a very pleasant and intelligent man". Edmonstone accompanied Darwin to the South American rain forest.
Charles Darwin married his cousin, Emma Wedgwood who was a pious woman, on January 29, 1839. Charles and Emma had 10 children, 7 of whom made it to adulthood. Interestingly, though Charles Darwin wrote the theory on evolution, he apparently did not believe much in girls going into science or other such vocations, or was it his agnosticism, or his wife's influence which prevented his daughters from having careers of some sort?
The Bible clearly states that the unbelieving husband will be justified by his wife and vice versa. Clearly, Darwin lived a traditional lifestyle, according to biblical principles, but he chose freedom from religion.