THE WILD LIFE AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.
When I worked in the Mexican Forest Service, I occurred to account of that existed diverse national and foreign organizations whom they looked for to protect to the wild species, because this was a form to protect the human being of different devastations, long time has happened from then and I realize that little or almost nothing has been made in Mexico and the world. Collection that every day the problems are more serious and than as species thus it seems we have become a plague in our own planet. If we advanced in many fields, we found diverse truths. Nevertheless, we have left of side all our surroundings, we see as environment is deteriorated, species that stop being friendly to become plagues, since we have eliminated intentionally or by negligence its natural enemies that are those that maintains that fragile balance.
We see that industrialization follows with so I release the brakes in the countries at the cost of all the natural resources, without concerning the impact that the development produces in environment. Memory that when talking with a biologist - fellow worker, on the classification of renewable the natural resources and those nonrenewable, it said to me -which difference?- it does not have it, although conventionally we have accepted this division, in fact is no it, if your it realize, petroleum takes forever in forming, and a tree as ahuehuete takes hundreds of years in growing which now we know. If we left from the idea that this classification exists in function of the human life, then - it said to me how much lives a person? If it give to account the average life you it is of 85 years. Soon then I thought about its truth and now I realize which as human beings we have made much damage to our surroundings, we have changed the vocation of use of the ground; we have introduced no original species of its places. By the indiscriminate use of the power ones we have obtained the climatic change, for the sake of extending the zones of culture, destroyed the forests and forests. When establishing new centers of population we modified the surroundings. With the organic remainders we contaminated the water and the affluent that have become enormous latrines.
It could continue enumerating actions of environmental impact, but it is not the case, I do not look for to have a catastrophic vision of everything, but that yes, a call of attention to our form of life, is truth and is necessary to say it, we have future, like species be-until now able to take measures that return the Vista to more rational policies on the use, handling and conservation of our environment. We needed to make use of those new clean technologies, to use nonpolluting fuels like the solar energy, magnetic, Aeolian, etc. It is necessary to look for the form to investigate the forms to store the nonpolluting energy. We are able to obtain it, with the sights in stop we must obtain it, we are one more a species on the planet, are not a plague.
Indeed, we are powerful everything what we set out we can do it, at the outset I referred to the national and international societies that have developed programs and destined sufficient resources to protect species like the migratory aquatic birds or species in danger of extinction like the gray bear, the condor, the traveling hawk, the mascarita quail or the wild lamb. The economic resources are destined now to the care and protection of the wild life, nevertheless, never will be sufficient to take care of all the damage that we have caused to the nature. The development cannot be restrained, but that if with appropriate plans of handling and previous studies of environmental impact if they can help to plan a rational future for all those that come and that have he himself right to live and to enjoy the natural beauties. We see with sadness films that augur a very sinister future for the human species, I believe that we can obtain more and better inherit to the other generations a future.
From the beginning of the industrial era to it does few years, the societies believed to blind people in the doctrine of the exponential economic growth that was based on the limitless Earth possibilities to sustain the economic growth.
But today we know that our planet is not able indefinitely to support the present international economic order, that the natural resources are not limitless goods and that the solid remainders, liquid or gaseous of our system of life they entail a serious risk for the health of the planet, including logically the man.
The negative performance on environment that has characterized to the productive systems has been exerted from different levels, for example:
Too hipper use of nonrenewable natural resources.
Emission of nonadjustable remainders to the atmosphere.
Destruction of natural spaces
Accelerated destruction of species animals and vegetables.
From the decade of 1970 I accelerate the ecological conscience and the society began to understand that the origin of the environmental problems was in the economic structures and productive of the economy and since the main problems that they aquejan to environment have their origin in the productive processes badly planned and managed, it is indeed by means of the transformation of such systems as it was possible to be acceded to an integral improvement of environment.
Thus the concept of defined Evaluation of Environmental Impact in the following terms considered: like a set of techniques that look for as fundamental intention a handling of the human subjects so that it is possible a system of life in harmony with the nature.
The management of environmental impact tries to reduce to the minimum our intrusions in the diverse ecosystems, to elevate to the maximum the possibilities of survival of all the forms of life, by very small and insignificant that are from our point of view, and not by a species of generosity by the weakest creatures, but by true intellectual humility, to recognize that we really do not know what the lost one of any living species can mean for the biological balance.
The management of environment implies the interrelation with multiple sciences, having to exist an inter-disciplinarians to be able to approach the problematic ones, since the management of the atmosphere, has to do with social sciences (economy, sociology, geography, etc.) with the scope of natural sciences (geology, Biology, chemistry, etc.), with the management of companies (management), etc.
Finally, it is possible to say that the management of environment has two basic areas of application:
A preventive area: the Evaluations of Environmental Impact.
A corrective area: the Environmental Audits.
The Green Revolution, arisen in the United States in the Fifties, was characterized by the hypothesis that it is possible to control the environmental variables totally, facing and solving the problems of isolated form, developing to obtain its main objective, discharges productions, certain strategies, whose tendencies took to agriculture to the monoculture; which entailed to develop technological packages based on great i oozes, whose results immediately, were to alter the nature, to damage it with the consequent environmental impacts, that the man at the present time faces .
The factors that influence environment are diverse and among them we have:
The growth of the population.
The industrial development.
The mechanization of agriculture.
The irrational use of the natural resources.
And other factors that could be mentioned.
Reality agriculture became an activity in which the nature became artificial, like result in parallel of the evolution of the natural system and social, causing with it the environmental degradation and a true ecological crisis that stops to solve it; we needed the radical transformation the society and its way to use the natural resources.
The fundamental impacts are going away to produce on:
Ground. (Desalinization, acidification, erosion, compaction and desertification).
Diversity. (Genetic Erosion, diminution of the diversity and monoculture).
Waters. (Contamination and sedimentation).
Climate. (Effect conservatory and rupture of the ozone layer).
On world-wide scale, a consensus is emerging from increasing form of which new strategies are needed development to affirm a stable food production that is agreed with the environmental quality.
The agricultural activities produce a series of impacts on means that are due to consider very, if we want to adapt to the "sustainable development ". Then a considerable percentage of the agricultural Earth, in the world, has been reached about the erosion, compaction, desertification, the acidity levels, among others, caused, mainly, by the indiscriminate cutting of the forests, the expansion of the cattle ranch, as well as badly the handling and indiscriminate use of technologies after the food production without considering the concrete characteristics of the place.
The one that the people obtain from the natural surroundings goes much more there of the material aspects, and the average maintenance of a healthy one, it is a necessity to obtain good conditions of life, not only in the material sense, but also in the spiritual one, for the present and future generations. Nowadays the sufficient technological development like avoiding the environmental deterioration with inferior costs to the high price exists that the humanity will have to pay to means and length term of not taking measures as soon as possible. One is to establish a harmonic solution between technology, nature and society and to apply to planetary solidarity when approaching environmental questions that are global.
Agriculture, unlike other branches of the human activity, lacks studies that, on scientific bases, make possible the course; that is to say, the elaboration of strategies of integral development of its areas and this has brought with himself the application of technologies, without considering an integral study of the impacts that the same ones could cause in the social order, economic and environmental on environment.
It is necessary, knowing the impacts that agriculture has made on the ground and other resources of the nature and the importance that has same for the food of the presents and the future generations, of making studies that allow orienting the agricultural activity without jeopardizing the surroundings.
The study of environmental impact plays a central role for the beginning of any project that is wanted to apply in agriculture, cattle ranch, logging or any other activity since it allows documenting all the analysis of the environmental impacts of the certain action
It is precise to give to priority to the maintenance and improvement of the capacity of earth with greater possibilities to respond to the demographic expansion. Nevertheless, also it is necessary to conserve and to rehabilitate the natural earth resources with smaller possibilities with the purpose of maintaining a relation sustainable man-mean-earth.
This will require the adoption of initiatives in the matter of education, the use of economic incentives and the development of new and appropriate technologies, thus to guarantee stable nutritious suitable food provisions, the access of the vulnerable groups to those provisions and the production for the markets; the use and the generation of income to alleviate the poverty; and the arrangement of the natural resources and protection of environment.
An obtained time the meaning of the environmental impacts for the action and its alternatives, if there are them, is possible to establish comparisons and to make decisions in relation to the environmental advantages and disadvantages to execute each one of the diverse existing options. Probably, the environmental comparison of one either another alternative is the aspect the more difficult to quantify in the process, since it is possible to project the environmental risks and benefits, but is very difficult that they can express themselves in economic units.