A brain injury can be caused by many different incidents. Depending on the severity of the trauma to the brain it could be fatal to a person. A blow to the head, penetration, or another situation that causes the brain to impact against the skull is known as a traumatic brain injury. An acquired brain injury is when a person has had a blockage in their airways, such as through a near drowning incident. Shock, extended high fever, a heart attack or stroke can also cause an acquired brain injury.
Traumatic brain injury could be the result of a car accident, physical abuse, or a severe fall with head injuries. Falls can also cause concussion, which is another form of acquired brain injury. Symptoms of a concussion or mild injury to the brain can include, a loss of consciousness, the person may be dazed and confused, brain scans may seem normal. Determining the level of injury is important in order to help the individual.
With a mild brain injury the symptoms can be temporary and the person will normally recover within a short period of time. Symptoms are relevant at the time the injury takes place. Moderate brain injury symptoms include, becoming unconscious, confusion that lasts for days or weeks, and physical, mental, and behavioural problems that are permanent or last for months. Rehabilitation can aid the person to a full recovery or they can live a relatively normal life despite the continuing symptoms.
Severe brain injury can result in a coma, being in a vegetative state or even brain death. These types of injuries mean the person will more than likely have permanent behavioural problems, physical disabilities, and mental issues. Severe brain injury can completely change a person, they can be in a coma, or on a life support machine.
Brain injuries can cause major problems and not just for the victim, but the whole family, as well. You will find that life changes dramatically for the patient and also for those surrounding them. There are rehabilitation programs available and therapy can also help if you are in this situation. Some interesting reading that can help a great deal can be found at braininjurytoolbox.com. As with any illness, just make sure the person feels the love and affection you would normally give to them.