Sub-disciplines in archeology have their own rules, but our Earth - and their survivors - deserve the honorable way in which all branches of this science should be conducted. Ethical conduct has a place in all sub-areas of anthropological values.
Critical analysis of inquiry raised in a quest of where to create a dig, for whatever the content matter must be considered. Then to follow through with whether it was allowed in the area concerned, and what laws had to be reasoned, or permits agreed upon, and by whom.
Origin of anything found could be arguable over ownership, if where it was discovered entered the equation. For anyone to stumble across a find worth investigating, it would also depend on whether it was public ground, government or private property.
Sites such as building excavation and mining discoveries call for archeological examination. Natural questioning can be very disruptive, and requires diplomatic negotiations. Tactfulness is vital.
A large outback private ranch where the bones of a whole dinosaur were found, left the owners torn between revealing it, or having their privacy invaded if they did. Once it was disclosed, a very rural peaceful silence, became a busy, and contentious issue, between curious sight-seers, archeologists, and ownership. Again, regard falls into sub-discipline action.
Sculls and bones of the very distant past, fall into a forensic nature, plus any contents found. Whether within the body of a preserved Ice Maiden, a frozen Mayan Indian, or an Egyptian mummified cat. Nothing escapes guess-work, with today's technology to investigate.
Regarding the Mayan, could it have been that in the middle of no-where, tribal members met with ill fate or reason to migrate so far from home? Were associates murdered, or due to the mercy of their circumstance, euthanized, and buried by customary ritualistic measures, rather than seeming brutality measured against today's standards. Yet, to preserve their bodies for our own purpose, we know they must be treated like royalty.
The sub-disciplines in archeology are a progressive resolve, and a normal necessary process of elimination. Piecing together relics, shards of pottery, fossils, buildings, or human life-styles is a paradox of constructive decisions.
Yet, are also an intrusive condition of what might have been the natural resting place of a once living body. Determining values within such a subject, will always have questionable measure when analysis requires selections.
Maybe only antiquity has all the answers, and we lack too much indiscipline amongst all the substitutes for the loss of life through what we find. And maybe we could reconsider, sub-disciplines contain more respect than we have so far granted for our past.